Nasal congestion or obstruction is a medical condition that may occur due to certain anatomic abnormalities in the normal nose structure of a person. It is also instigated by inflammatory processes, which may cause swelling in an individual’s nose.
The major cause of anatomic nasal obstruction in adults is associated with the size and shape of the nasal septum and/or turbinate. It may also be caused by the adenoids in children. Some of the common symptoms of nasal congestion are:
Some of the common factors that trigger nasal obstruction include:
Septoplasty: If a person’s deviated septum blocks the nasal passage and leads to nasal obstruction, septoplasty is recommended by the surgeon. In this case, incisions are made within the nose. Subsequently, the normal lining of the person’s nose covering the septum wall is elevated as well as preserved, so that the crooked sections of the septum are appropriately removed. Next, the lining is placed back and stitched in its place. In this type of nasal obstruction treatment, apposite care is taken by the rhinoplasty surgeon to leave certain significant supporting areas of the bone and cartilage intact to prevent any sagging of the tip or bridge of the nose.
Areas that cannot be addressed in a traditional septoplasty or SMR (Submucosal Resection) include obstructions in the Internal and External Nasal Valve area, Caudal Septum and Dorsal Septum. If these areas are not addressed during the surgery, a persistent sensation of obstruction can result after the surgery.
Turbinate Reduction: It is directed to patients with age-old nasal allergies. Turbinates are predominantly mucous membrane covered with bone shelves, extending the length of the entire internal nasal cavity. Positioned on the external wall of the nasal passage, turbinates are of three types – superior turbinate, middle turbinate, and inferior turbinate. As these turbinate tissues overgrow, they may lead to functional disturbances. In such cases, surgeons usually indicate a partial reduction of the turbinates. In this method, tiny incisions are made within the nose to remove the excess tissue improve the nasal airflow.
Adenoidectomy: It is the removal of adenoids through a surgical procedure. Being an outpatient surgery, no cuts are made on the face.
Polyp Removal: Polyps are mainly grape like structure that often obstructs the nasal passage. Removing a nasal polyp in a mild case is quite straightforward; however the risk of redevelopment in a person is often very high.
Nasal Valve Collapse: The nasal valve is lined with vertical membranes that swell and shrink to regulate the flow of air in the entire nose. In some cases, the nasal valve may collapse due to an accident, rigorous exercise, or deep respiration. Preventing and curing the nasal valve collapse is an integral element of the functional rhinoplasty.